Tiny Green Bugs on Your Plants: Must Be Aphids

Posted on Mar 5 2012 - 1:55am by Mike Lieberman

Noticing tiny green bugs on your plants…

..But not sure what they are?

Those annoying little bastids are aphids.

There a billion different varieties of them, but what’s that matter to you?

You just need to know what the are.

In the rest of this post, I’ll share some characteristics, pictures and ways to get rid of them.

Here we go…

Those annoying little green bastids in your garden are aphids. — Tweet This

Characteristics of Aphids

  • The larger ones are 10mm. That aint’ very large.
  • You’ll find them on the underside of leafy greens.
  • They hang out in clusters.
  • Besides green, they can be black, brown or pink.
  • Aphids are soft bodied.

Pictures of Aphids to Help Identify

How to Get Rid of Aphids

Since aphids are soft-bodied you can squish them, but that isn’t a great use of time. Here are three other options for you.

Keep your container garden ant free. Fern from Life on the Balcony wrote a post on how this is a preventative method because ants help to shuttle aphids around. She goes into further depth on this post on her site.

Make a homemade spray. Boil up some water with onions, garlic and cayenne pepper. Let it steep for a bit, then spray down the aphids and undersides of leaves.

Buy an organic pesticide. One solution for an organic pesticide is from Safer Brand (one of my sponsors). Their EndAll organic insect killer will help to solve most of your insect problems and is OMRI listed.

Before you say how it’s going to kill the beneficials as well, I asked them the same question and here was their response.

EndALL is also safe to use around beneficials as if you follow the usage site instructions, you will not harm beneficial insects. Pure neem oil has a history of harming bees if sprayed directly but if you treat in morning and late evening, bees do not feed during those times and will not be harmed. We use azadiractin in our EndALL product which is an extract of the neem seed and is much more gentle then straight neem…but with the same efficacy

Your Turn

Now that you can identify those little green bugs on your plant, in the comments below let me know which of your veggies aphids have attacked and how you are going to get rid of them from now on.

Main photo courtesy of Newtonia on Flickr.

  • Streetwise

    THANK YOU!  Those little suckers KILL my garden every year!

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    It’s time for some revenge ;-)

  • Craftylittlemonkey

    Ladybugs ;).

  • Lisa

    what is the best way to get rid of snails and slugs?

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Yes if you have  large space. If you are confined to a smaller space, not so wise to buy them.

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    I’ve heard that a little container of beer will sucker them in and drown them. Can also put some pennies around the area. Those both work well for smaller spaces.

  • Kayce5547

    I was wondering if I sprayed the home made or even the organic pesticide  before I did notice them would it help from getting them in the first place.and how do you keep ants away from your  garden pots???? thanks you

  • haruko

    I found ants like to “farm” aphid on Sunflower and broad been plants. So I have decoy sunflower in the fresh greens. Ants actually remove aphid from salad greens to sunflower. 

  • Loki

    diatomaceous earth (crushed tiny shells) works because snails and slugs don’t like to cross over its sharp edges.  

  • https://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Dinner-Garden/147066371101 seedwhisperer

    I’m preparing for the second annual lacewing release.. All hail the might lacewing!

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Spraying before hand might work as a preventative measure, but keeping a good eco-system would be your best option.

    If you have a smaller garden, cinnamon or coffee grounds help to keep ants away.

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Interesting. I like that.

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Sounds like a ceremony.

  • ScottfromtheBK

    Good post Mike!  Thanks for the info!
     
    I’ve had two bad pest outbreaks in my indoor apartment garden – aphids and scale (my personal arch enemy).  The aphids were introduced when I got young plants from a local store that were carrying eggs on the undersides of the leaves.  I’m not sure where the scale came from, but I’m assuming they piggybacked in the same way.
     
    I tried using a homemade spray with the same ingredients that you listed, but I had limited success with this route.  I broke down and got the Safer Insect Soap – best move I could have made.  I had to reapply the spray a couple of times, but it really did the trick – no more pests (even scale, which, in my opinion, is far worse than aphids).  Glad to hear Safer is a sponsor.
     
    The main two things I’ve learned as a result of my pest failures are 1. if you don’t grow your own plants from seed, check your store-bought plants for pests prior to introducing them to your garden and 2. isolate your infected plants if you can – getting rid of pests on 1 plant is far better than trying to get rid of them on ALL your plants…

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Good tips bro.

  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=674705878 Thomas Orr

    have just been squishing before i read this might try the spray. thanks.

  • Liddy

    Something that always works for me is spraying a weak-ish solution of dish-washing detergent, diluted in water. I’ve seen it mentioned on other sites too. Thanks for all your tips, really enjoy getting your updates!

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    That’s some dedication with a lot of squishing.

  • Jerrilynneatkins

    There is a product called “Sluggo” that supposedly is organic, and safe around dogs, cats and wildlife.  I’ve sprinkled some pellets around my garden and noticed an improvement.

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Ohhh gotta check that out.

  • Resistancediaryof1

    To find aphids, I take a flashlight and light groups of leaves up from behind. Dark spots= turn leaf over and squish! This saves much-time looking for the bastards. I just spend about 10 minutes a day doing this. It doesn’t get them all, but if you get them all, you are Monsanto.

    To find leafhoppers, I go out at night with my flashlight and this time I’m looking for females laying eggs. They will hang about on the upper part of stems. To confirm leafhopper identity, gently disturb the plant and she will immediately be on the opposite side of the leaf. 2 white spots will be visible- they use this for their eggs. Squish.

    LOVE your posts!

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Word. I likes that flashlight idea.

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Good call on that.

  • http://www.geodesic-greenhouse-kits.com/community Stacey

    Onions, garlic and cayenne pepper – Well everyone should have that on hand! I’ll have to give it a try sometime when I need it (*fingers crossed it will be awhile*). 

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Fingers crossed!

  • Lamesia Dodson

    I have a small vegetable garden where I planted kale, collards, cabbage, broccoli, onions, squash, and tomatoes. In 1 week the aphids had covered the majority of my kale, collards, broccoli, and cabbage.  I used a product called Pyrethrin (not sure about spelling) and sprayed top and bottom of leaves yesterday.  Today it looks as if they’ve died but when will they fall off the leaves.  I’m afraid the infestation was so bad I may have lost my plants!!

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    You’ll have to wait and see ;-)

  • Adina

    I have a small container garden.  Last year my chive plant was attacked by green aphids.  Within a coupe of days, they had spread to all my plants.  Soapy dilutions did not work so I had to use some very heavy does of pesticides (which I don’t like).  Today I noticed a few green aphids have reappeared on the same chive plant.  Maybe the soil is infested with eggs?  I now have it sitting in the bathtub away from my other plants and have sprayed it with another soapy dilution.  Hopefully that works, but I am thinking that maybe I should scrap growing chives.  How frustrating! 

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    I can see how it’s frustrating, but also maybe it’s good if they are just staying on those chives and not attacking anything else?!!

  • Lcmarti13

    I have those green little bugs on my two clematis. I”m goin to try the onion, garlic +cayenne solution and see what happens.  What does these aphids do to plants?

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Suck the juice out of them and kill em.

  • http://lettherebefood.wordpress.com/ Karen G

    I spoke to a farmer at my farmer’s market this morning about aphids and she recommended keeping Butterfly Weed and dill around as those attract beneficial insects that eat aphids. Ladybugs and butterflies are aphid eaters, apparently. 

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Good tip!

  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1483454668 Mary Pat Kelly Curran

    I have large aphids and I have tripped them into a container of soapy water and drowned them. Did the same with the tiny green fuzzy caterpillars that are munching on my nasturtium plants.

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Get em!

  • Anke driesens

    I would like to try the onion, garlic and cayenne pepper mixture but I unsure about quantities, how much ingredients per liter of water should I use? And, once the mixture is ready, how often can I use it? Once a day, a week? or does none of this matter a lot?

  • http://www.UrbanOrganicGardener.com Mike Lieberman

    Experiment and see what works best.

  • blueskychica

    I wanted to share one method I tried after losing all my cabbage & broccoli plants to pests last year (I was using organic methods, but a water dilluted Bronners mixture sprayed on the leaves, which turned out to be too weak). With this year’s garden, when the aphids came on… I  first released the ladybugs. When the ladybugs got full, they flew off, and there were still plenty of aphids. The gal at the garden store told me that they’re a-sexual and reproduce every so many seconds. I tried a pure soap mixture of Bronners Unscented, and it killed the aphid clusters. When the remaining aphids moved, I Bronnered  them again (daily for a few days), and then the aphids were gone. I thought this was wesome, because the watered down version wasn’t effective. Unfortunately…. my brussel sprouts shriveled up (I’m now guessing that the Bronners made the leaves crispy, even with waterings). I don’t think the plants will fully recover. :( So now I’m looking for a new method, and curious about your pepper mixture. Has the pepper mixture been effective with the aphids and also left the plants unharmed?

  • tu2

    These aphids are on my kale, napa cabbage and mustard cabbage. Mahalo for the information. The aphids have seen their last day, they’re getting sprayed with an organic spray. Mahalo!

  • DeeD

    I have a Barbados cherry tree and those tiny annoying things keep eating the new stems so I have been using Organicide and it works but you have to do it in a regular basis.

  • Arachne

    we use the clean, dried egg shells from our hens. I crush them and add them around the base of my plants and apparently the slugs/snails tear up their “foot” (slimy thing) trying to get across the jagged pieces of shell. Beer works too, but if you have a good sized garden, you are gonna go thru alot of beer (and its gross to clean em out; YUCK!!)

  • http://www.facebook.com/nlfranz No’ena Linda Franz

    Has anyone tried coke or pepsi as an insecticide? I’ve heard that it doesn’t harm the plants, but the bugs die.

  • http://www.facebook.com/ricodiva Yvonne Jensen

    How come you didn’t mention ladybugs? They are only $6 on Amazon. I have a small patio I grow my plants on and 300 at a time seems to work great. My question to you is once the aphids start eating the plants, does the plant or veggies become toxic? Also what do you know about hydroponic pests? Are those aphids too? This is my first year growing indoor salad and I noticed a VERY small white bug that almost looked like lint. I ended up throwing away all of my lettuce plants because I didn’t want those bugs in my house. I want to grow again but I don’t want those bugs.

  • Rosebud10123

    Would if they are in a large tree of yours? Then what do you do? Also they are very tiny right now and blend with the leaves, I noticed them when I climbed my tree to watch the sunrise and a few climbed on me, when I glanced at the leaf there were a few on them. Oh and will they harm me at all?
    Get me back at my YouTube Rosebud10123
    Or my email which I don’t really check Rosebud10123@hotmail.com(I don’t check it because I have another email and its my main. I didn’t give it because its got my real name. My parents dog want my real name out.)

  • Sarah8702

    I’ve heard spraying plants with diluted peppermint oil or diluted mint-flavored mouthwash works too. It seems to make sense because I’ve never had pests on my mint plants. Anyone have any luck with this idea?

  • henry

    i have two pots of pepper plants (3 jalapenos, 3 bananas). i am a college student living in an apartment, and i have to carry them down to my truck every day to get the 12-4 sun. today i noticed the little aphids and (b/c i had some time and not many plants) i squished all the ones i could find. there is a ladybug living in my plants, they eat aphids right?

  • James

    I have a lot of white patches on my purple kale and a lot of beetles with black and orange designs on their back. A friend of mine said they are eating bugs, but I am wondering if they are sucking the juice out of the kale. I also noticed small grey eggs in lines on the back, but I haven’t seen any aphids. Any suggestions on what this might be?

  • mandoliv

    I picked some lovely leaf lettuce from our garden, rinsed it and served. Suddenly everyone was like ‘there is a green bug walking across my sandwich!” So I soaked the rest, and rinsed. A bunch came out. But not all. So now I am going through leaf my leaf and running under stream of water. Not my ideal solution, but I don’t want my first harvest to go to waste. I will spray the stumps with something befor the new leaves grow, maybe that will help.

  • Kelly L

    @James: Are they japanese beetles? They eat lots of things. :-/

  • Permie

    If you plant sunflower you will likely draw both aphids (it is a special treat to them) and lady bugs ( who like flat flowers to mate and a good source of aphid food) The lady bugs will mate and create lady bug larvae who can not fly away and eat more aphids than the adults. Simply by planting sunflowers you should end up with a lady bug larvae and adult army to manage the aphids in your garden.

  • KR

    I really found the “ant free” part is VERY TRUE!!! I have a potted flower garden. Last few weeks there were ton of ants crawling around one of my flower pots. Low and behold, yesterday the entire plant was completely infested with little green bugs and white “crusties” (maybe eggs?). All my other plants are fine, but they didn’t have the ants crawling around them. I killed off the plant entirely, but there were some seedlings in the same pot that I left in. I wanted to know if the soil is contaminated? Do they live in the soil or on the plant only? I put the pot around 10ft from my other plants but is that still too close. Should I just throw the whole thing out? I usually use a solution of Bronner’s Peppermint Soap and water, and spray the plants daily. It dries the bugs out from the outside-in. Will start spraying my other plants as a preventative measure. Hope they dont spread!!! ANY HELP WOULD BE GREAT THANK YOU!

  • bloodredrosez

    I’ve been spraying diluted mint-flavored mouthwash for ages on all sorts of plants and it works well. I used to use very diluted dish soap but it sometimes leaves a soapy aftertaste on some plants that you eat raw, so I Googled and switched to mouthwash. The antiseptic properties combined with the mint seem to keep off the pests and it’s safe, plus usually everyone has some mouthwash lying around!

  • KatG

    Both my plants that I have found these on were indoor and no where near ants… The first was a callalily plant and the second is an indoor dill plant. Not sure which method I plan to use yet since I plan on ingesting the dill and don’t want any kind of pesticides….

  • Grace G

    Aphids have attacked TWO of my small apple trees. This caused one to die!

  • Andrew

    I have an assortment of potted plants and herbs in my apartment and the only one infested with aphids is my mint plant. Funny enough, I planted it next to a different breed of mint and the aphids haven’t tried jumping over to it. No ants to blame? Do they just like my one kind of mint? Or are they just lazy aphids?